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This course is a follow-up to Math 202 Cryptography. During the first part of the semester, we will revisit a few of the topics from Math 202 to fill in some of the more mathematically sophisticated details, such as attacks on the Discrete Log Problem, primality testing, and considerations of computational complexity. Later in the semester, we will look at some new topics, including elliptic curve cryptography and lattice-based systems that are not susceptible to any known attack by quantum algorithms.
This is going to be a really fun semester!
By the end of this semester you should:
You should gain a deeper understanding of:
One of the features that makes your Wheaton education so special is that we have time in small classes to explore material together. The class meetings are not intended to be a complete encapsulation of the course material, but instead will focus on the major concepts from the readings and videos to clarify the more subtle ideas in the course.
You should expect to put in approximately 3 hours outside of class for each scheduled hour of class. In other words, expect to spend a roughly 9 hours per week on Cryptography outside of the scheduled class meetings. There will be some weeks where you spend more time, and there may be some weeks where you spend slightly less.
We operate under the Wheaton Honor Code for all of your academic work at Wheaton. This carries certain freedoms and responsibilities for both you as a student and me as a professor. I take this quite seriously.
Most likely, no Honor Code issues will arise this semester. If you are uncertain about whether a particular situation falls under the Honor Code, then please consult with me. However, if an Honor Code issue does come up, I will assume that you are prepared for the full consequences. Remember that you should write out, and sign, the following statement on all course work:
"I have abided by the Wheaton College Honor Code in this work."
Your final grade will be determined by
|Problem Sets, Group||40%|
|Presentation, & Kryptos Contest|
|Three Take-home Exams||40%|
The purpose of reading the text and watching the assigned videos before class is that if you are familiar with the basic concepts and definitions, then the class meetings can be devoted to the major ideas and subtleties of the material. Mathematical understanding is built in stages, and you will absorb the material more quickly if the class meetings are your second exposure to the fundamental ideas.
The Pre-Class Assignments are posted on the course webpage and include three or so questions that you should be able to answer after you have completed the reading and viewed any videos. You will submit your responses through Wheaton onCourse.
I will grade the Pre-Class Assignments using a binary scale: If you make a serious attempt, you will get full credit, even if your answers are not completely correct. The purpose of these questions is to encourage you to engage with the material before class. If you've read the text and watched any videos but don't understand how to answer a question, it is perfectly fine to say "I did the prep work but don't see how to approach this question."" You'll definitely understand by the end of the end of the week!
Notice that the Pre-Class Assignments are due at midnight on Sunday! This will give me enough time to review your responses before our class on Monday morning. You will be allowed to drop one Pre-Class assignment at the end of the semester.
The tutorial meetings will be devoted to working in small groups on problems that delve more deeply into the content introduced in the Pre-Class Assignments and Monday class meetings. In previous years, you would have worked in groups at the chalkboards. Since that's not an option this semester with social-distancing requirements and some of us being remote, for each tutorial meeting I will set up a shared Google Jamboard, which is a virtual whiteboard that you'll have access to via your Wheaton email account.
Each group will have their own ``frame'' on the Jamboard, and you should post your work at the end of the tutorial there. If you have a digital pen, you can write directly on it, or else you can take a photo of your paper and upload it to your frame. I will also grade your group's work using a binary scale: You made a serious effort or you didn't.
You will have approximately five Problem Sets due during the semester. I firmly believe that one of the best ways to build your understanding of mathematics is to explore the ideas with other students. Therefore, you will work on the Problem Sets in groups of two, or possibly three, and each group will turn in a single set of solutions. I will randomly assign new groups for every problem set. There are more details about the logistics and expectations for your write-ups of the Problem Sets on the course webpage.
There are many interesting applications of cryptography outside of the text that we should all know more about, and you'll get to explain one of these to the rest of the class! You will form groups of three of your own choosing, and your group will give a 20 minute presentation during last week of class. I will give more details about the Group Presentation during the semester.
You will participation in Kryptos 2021, a national undergraduate cryptanalysis contest held April 22--26. For this contest, you will work in groups of two or three of your own choosing. The idea of the contest is that you will be given a ciphertext, and your goal is to recover the original English plaintext. I will also give you several problem in your Problem Sets to help you practice for Kryptos.
An important point to note about these problems: I do not expect that you will break every cipher! It's great if you do, but you can receive full credit on these assignments even if you do not find the original plaintext. You will turn in a one to two page writeup that explains your analysis that allowed you to find the plaintext or the different approaches you attempted if you were unable to break the cipher. In the latter case, you will be evaluated on the quality of your failure.
The purpose of the exams is for you to demonstrate your understanding of the course material and, just as importantly, to give you feedback on where your understanding is strong and where you may need more work. Similar to last fall, the exams will be open-note take-home exams where you will have several days to work on them. See the Tentative Daily Syllabus for dates of the exams. I will provide more details about the structure of the exams as the time gets closer.
I know that exams can be stressful, especially with the other academic, extracurricular, and family commitments that you may have. To try to reduce some of this stress concerning your grade, I will weight your exam scores by differing amounts: Your lowest exam score will count 20% of your exam grade, the second lowest will count 30%, and the highest will count 50% of your exam grade. For example, if your four exam scores are 71, 82, and 93, then your overall exam average will be 85.3.
Please come see me during my drop-in office hours! No appointment necessary! All office hours this semester will be remote, and the Zoom link is posted to onCourse. If you have a conflict and cannot make my office hours, please email me and we can set up an appointment for another time.
The Hybrid Tutorial Model and its remote components require you to have access to specific technologies in order to complete your classwork successfully. If you are having trouble accessing the learning technologies for this class or reliable wifi or computer access, please let me know and then reach out to your Student Success Advisor in Academic Advising for help with acquiring material or software. You can use this form to report your technology needs: Learning Technology request form
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